What skills do I need to be a Python developer?

If you think Python is a good programming language to learn to get a job, you are correct. Python is one of the most popular and marketable programming languages in the world. There are many Python skills to learn to become a sought-after developer. Python is the preferred language for new technologies if you want a high paying job in machine learning and data science, learn Python.

Do you want to know what skills you need in order to become a Python developer? In this article, you will find the necessary skills to become a top Python developer.

How much Python do I need to know to land a job?

To land a Python job, you have to be able to convince a company that you have the skills to do the job. You need a combination of Python technical skills such as a core understanding of the language and at least one development framework. You also need some valuable soft skills such as communication. If you are acting weird during the job interview, no amount of technical chops will land you a Python developer job.

If you are already a software developer, you need to learn a lot less than someone with zero technical experience. You have to be realistic about your current abilities as you create a road map to master Python.

Who is a Python developer?

A Python developer uses the Python programming language, tools, and frameworks to plan, program, and modify websites or applications. There are various employment roles and domains Python developers can choose.  Python developer specializations depend on your skills and other qualifications. You can find a web developer job with Python programming skills. Alternatively, Python developers can work as software engineers, data scientists or data analysts, or DevOps with an emphasis on automation, and so on. More importantly, a Python developer can work in any position requiring any combination of the above skills.

Let’s investigate the skills you need to work as a python developer.

What can you do with Python skills?

Python is a universal programming language, with a wide range of uses in many different fields. It is a broadly used interpreted programming language. The Python sphere includes many libraries such as Numpy, Pandas, Matplotlib, and many more. The fact that Python is a free open-source programming language also helped to popularize this technology. Python developers are more in demand today than ever before. There is no shortage of Python developer jobs for those with the right skills.

You won’t be able to find a decent size company that doesn’t use Python in some shape or form. Python skills give you a plethora of job options. The most popular career path is Python developer. Skilled Python developers are in high demand due to the popularity of the language and the lack of talent available in the job market.

What does a Python developer do?

Your job as a Python developer is to use the language to plan, code, implement, and debug technical projects. In your role as a Python developer, you may be tasked to build a website, design a framework for your code, create a web application for an organization, build tools as needed to complete the project. Python developers routinely with data collection and analytics to find answers to complex questions and offer insight where it is required. The specifics of your Python developer job can vary based on the requirements of your employer. If you prefer to work independently, you could work as an independent Python developer instead of working exclusively for one business.

In Python developer jobs, you are expected to do any of the following:

  • Optimize data algorithms
  • Build websites
  • Solve data analytics problems
  • Implement data protection
  • Secure websites
  • Write reusable, efficient, and testable code.

There are thousands of companies that are actively searching for Python developers as you read this article. If you learn Python developer skills, you won’t have any problems finding a job.

What skills do I need to become a Python developer?

You need to learn a range of skills to get a Python developer job. You don’t need to know every single framework there is for Python, but you should know some of the main ones. If you want to be a successful Python developer, it also helps if you are good at math.

What are some must-have Python developer skills needed to get a job?

Expertise in Core Python

If there is one stepping stone common to all Python developers, it is expertise in core Python. You can’t get a job as a Python developer unless you have a good understanding of the core Python concepts, which includes the following:

  • OOPs concepts
  • File handling concepts
  • Iterators
  • Data Structures
  • Variables and data types
  • Exception Handling
  • Generators

Experience with Python Frameworks

Frameworks make your life easier as a Python developer. Python developers use frameworks to automate the implementation of redundant tasks. You’ll love working with frameworks because they cut development time and help you focus your energy on application logic instead of routine elements.

Frameworks are must-have skills for Python developers. Because Python is such a popular programming language, there are many frameworks available to developers. All frameworks come with their own challenges and advantages. There are three main Python framework categories:

  1. Full-Stack Framework – Python developers use full-stack frameworks as a one-stop-solution for their requirements. Full-stack framework libraries are configured to seamlessly work together, supporting the development of frontend interfaces, backend services, and databases. A full-stack Python framework includes everything a developer needs for building an application. Python developers can choose from several full-stack frameworks.
  2. Microframework – Microframeworks lack most of the functionalities of a full-stack Python framework. Such a minimalistic web application framework aims to provide only the component set essential for building an application. A microframework provides the required functionality for one specific sphere.
  3. Asynchronous Framework – This Python framework category is relatively recent. An asynchronous framework is a microframework optimized to handle a large set of concurrent connections. They feed on Python’s asyncio library and use non-blocking sockets.


Django is a free, open-source full-stack Python framework. If you are only going to learn one Python framework, make it Django. It is a highly scalable, super versatile, and fast framework. With Django, you can build any web application from tiny projects to giant corporate websites. Django is also a popular choice for machine learning projects.


Flask is an excellent skill for Python developers. It is considered easier to learn for Python coders than Django. Flask is a vital Python microframework; you should know if you want a developer job.


CherryPy is one of the oldest Python microframeworks. It has a minimalistic approach. CherryPy allows Python developers to deploy any type of technology for templating, data access, etc.

Object Relational Mappers (ORMs)

Python developers commonly use ORMs to automate the transfer of data stored in relational database tables into objects. ORMs are a great skill to have. It allows a Python developer to write Python code instead of SQL to read, create, update, and delete schemas and data in their database.

Analytical Skills

Your analytical skills as a Python developer should result in additional knowledge, ideas, or solutions related to the technical problems you work on. The best developers have the ability to quickly identify cause and effect relationships. This skill requires trial and error. You will excel as a Python developer if you can quickly analyze a problem.

Design Skills

An outstanding Python developer should also have a solid understanding of designs that will be helpful while designing scalable applications. As a developer, you have to think beyond your code. The servers hosting your application should be deployed to make them scalable and highly available. You have many choices when you design an application or a website. Python developers have the skill to cut the legions of options down to the one that fits best for the requirements of the project.

Data Science

Python is the preferred language for data science. When compared to other programming languages, Python is faster than other languages like Stata and Matlab. There is a wide variety of data science libraries available developers.

Python also helps developers to quickly roll out programs and get prototypes running, expediting the development process. Once a project is transformed into an application or analytical tool, it can be ported to other languages such as C or Java if necessary. Many data scientists prefer Python because of its ease of use.

Machine Learning and AI

Machine learning and AI projects hold a prominent role in the Python world. Python offers improved search functionality, better personalization, and smarter recommendations. If you want a job in machine learning and AI, Python is the best skill to have.

AI projects are different from traditional software development projects. The fundamental dissimilarities lie in the technology stack, the programming skills required for an AI project, and the demand for deep research.

To implement your AI ambitions, you should learn Python because Python is a programming language that flexible, stable, and has tools available. Python offers all of these features, which is why we see lots of Python AI job opportunities today.

Deep Learning

There are more-and-more deep learning jobs that require Python skills. To excel in a deep learning job role, you need to hon yourself in Natural Network architecture.

Good Grasp of Multi-Process Architecture

If you are a Python programmer, you will be expected to write code for a multi-process architecture. Multi-processing applications brake down routines to run independently. Employers want Python developers with multi-process skills to build high-performance applications.

If you plan to get a developer job in machine learning, you can expect to use multi-processing extensively.

Communication Skills

If you want to become a high-paid Python developer, you need more than coding skills. Your communication skills are equally as important as your software developer skills. Most projects fail because of a breakdown in communication. Working in a team, communication is a super valuable skill.

Consider the following tips for building your communication skills:

  • Learn the value of truly listening. If you expect to understand your team members, you have to pay attention to what they are telling you.
  • Understand that some people on your team don’t have the same level of technical skills you have. It might take more of an effort to communicate with non-technical team members, but you have to learn it.
  • Be mindful of your written tone. Because written words are powerful, you have to be extra careful about the words you use. Try to soften your language with smileys. “This is a terrible idea :)” will always be poor communication.

Python Skills Required for Data Science and Data Analysis

If you want a data scientist job, you need to develop the following skills:

  • Scraping data from websites is a crucial Python skill for data scientists.
  • Learn to manipulate and extract data from relational databases.
  • Develop skills to turn raw data into actionable insights.
  • Learn how to store and process large amounts of structured data.
  • Understand how to enable Machine Learning services in SQL Server.
  • Learn process data using Pandas after using MapReduce to get data to a manageable size.
  • At the very least, you should have a basic understanding of simpler algorithms such as linear, Naive Bayes, and regularized regression.
  • You need data visualization skills to communicate your findings. Spend some time to become familiar with matplotlib.

If you want to get a high-paying Python developer job, learn the required Python skills here.